Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MSDTC) Service Defaults in Windows 8

Coordinates transactions that span multiple resource managers, such as databases, message queues, and file systems. If this service is stopped, these transactions will fail. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Default Settings

Startup type:Manual
Display name:Distributed Transaction Coordinator
Service name:MSDTC
Service type:own
Error control:normal
Object:NT AUTHORITY\NetworkService
Path:%SystemRoot%\System32\msdtc.exe
Registry key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\MSDTC
Privileges:
  • SeChangeNotifyPrivilege
  • SeCreateGlobalPrivilege

Default Behavior

The Distributed Transaction Coordinator service is a Win32 program that can be started by the Service Controller and that obeys the service control protocol. In Windows 8 it will not be started until the user starts it. When the Distributed Transaction Coordinator service is started, it runs as NT AUTHORITY\NetworkService in its own process of msdtc.exe. If Distributed Transaction Coordinator fails to start, the error details are added to Windows 8 error log. When the operating system startup is complete, the user is being notified that the MSDTC service hasn't been started.

Dependencies

Distributed Transaction Coordinator can't start, if any service from the list below is disabled or not available:

Restore Default Startup Configuration for Distributed Transaction Coordinator

Before you begin doing this, make sure that all the services on which Distributed Transaction Coordinator depends are configured by default and function properly. See the list of dependencies above.

1. Run the Command Prompt as an administrator.

2. Copy the command below, paste it into the command window and press ENTER:

sc config MSDTC start= demand

3. Close the command window and restart the computer.

The MSDTC service is using the msdtc.exe file that is located in the %WinDir%\System32 folder. If the file is corrupted or deleted, you can put it back in there.