Windows Management Instrumentation (winmgmt) Service Defaults in Windows 10

Provides a common interface and object model to access management information about operating system, devices, applications and services. If this service is stopped, most Windows-based software will not function properly. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Default Settings

Startup type:Automatic
Display name:Windows Management Instrumentation
Service name:winmgmt
Service type:share
Error control:ignore
Object:localSystem
Path:%SystemRoot%\system32\svchost.exe -k netsvcs -p
File:%SystemRoot%\system32\wbem\WMIsvc.dll
Registry key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\winmgmt

Default Behavior

Windows Management Instrumentation is a Win32 service. In Windows 10 it is starting automatically when the operating system starts. Then the Windows Management Instrumentation service is running as localSystem in a shared process of svchost.exe along with other services. If Windows Management Instrumentation fails to load or initialize, Windows 10 start up proceeds without warnings. However the error details are being logged.

Dependencies

Windows Management Instrumentation cannot be started under any conditions, if the Remote Procedure Call (RPC) service is disabled.

While Windows Management Instrumentation is stopped, disabled or working incorrectly, the following services do not start:

Restore Default Startup Configuration for Windows Management Instrumentation

Before you begin doing this, make sure that all the services on which Windows Management Instrumentation depends are configured by default and function properly. See the list of dependencies above.

1. Run the Command Prompt as an administrator.

2. Copy the commands below, paste them into the command window and press ENTER:

sc config winmgmt start= auto
sc start winmgmt

3. Close the command window and restart the computer.

The winmgmt service is using the WMIsvc.dll file that is located in the %WinDir%\system32\wbem folder. If the file is changed, damaged or deleted, you can restore its original version from Windows 10 installation media.