Block Level Backup Engine Service (wbengine) Defaults in Windows 10

The WBENGINE service is used by Windows Backup to perform backup and recovery operations. If this service is stopped by a user, it may cause the currently running backup or recovery operation to fail. Disabling this service may disable backup and recovery operations using Windows Backup on your computer.

Default Settings

Startup type:Manual
Display name:Block Level Backup Engine Service
Service name:wbengine
Service type:own
Error control:normal
Object:localSystem
Path:%SystemRoot%\system32\wbengine.exe
Registry key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\wbengine
Privileges:
  • SeImpersonatePrivilege
  • SeBackupPrivilege
  • SeManageVolumePrivilege
  • SeRestorePrivilege
  • SeSystemEnvironmentPrivilege
  • SeSecurityPrivilege
  • SeTakeOwnershipPrivilege
  • SeShutdownPrivilege

Default Behavior

Block Level Backup Engine Service is a Win32 service. In Windows 10 it is starting only if the user, an application or another service starts it. When the Block Level Backup Engine Service is started, it is running as localSystem in its own process of wbengine.exe. If Block Level Backup Engine Service fails to start, the failure details are being recorded into Event Log. Then Windows 10 will start up and notify the user that the wbengine service has failed to start due to the error.

Restore Default Startup Configuration for Block Level Backup Engine Service

1. Run the Command Prompt as an administrator.

2. Copy the command below, paste it into the command window and press ENTER:

sc config wbengine start= demand

3. Close the command window and restart the computer.

The wbengine service is using the wbengine.exe file that is located in the %WinDir%\system32 folder. If the file is changed, damaged or deleted, you can restore its original version from Windows 10 installation media.